Forbs (Wildflowers)

Herbaceous Stemmed Plants With Wide Leaves

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The Forbs are flowering plants with herbaceous stems and generally wide, rounded leaves, as opposed to the Graminoids that have long, thin grass-like leaves.  Forbs usually have more conspicuous flowers than Graminoids.  This is the group that contains our native wildflowers.

Species List

Status codes:          N – Native species.          A – Alien, non-native species.

ACommon NameScientific NameStatusButton
          MONOCOT ANGIOSPERMS                    MONOCOTYLEDONS          
          Arum Family                    Araceae          
DuckweedLemna minor     N
Skunk CabbageLysichiton americanus     N
          Water Plantain Family                    Alismataceae          
European Water PlantainAlisma plantago-aquatica     A
          Orchid Family                    Orchidaceae          
HelleborineEpipactis helleborine     A
          Amaryllis Family                    Amaryllidaceae          
Hooker's OnionAllium acuminatum     N
          Asparagus Family                    Asparagaceae          
Harvest BrodiaeaBrodiaea coronaria     N
Fool's OnionBrodiaea hyacinthina     N
Common CamasCamassia quamash     N
          EUDICOT ANGIOSPERMS                    EUDICOTYLEDONS          
          Poppy Family                    Papaveraceae          
California PoppyEschscholzia californica     A
          Buttercup Family                    Ranunculaceae          
Creeping ButtercupRanunculus repens     A
          Saxifrage Family                    Saxifragaceae          
FringecupTellima grandiflora     N
          Pea Family                    Fabaceae          
Birds Foot TrefoilLotus corniculatus     A
Tree LupinLupinus arboreus     A
Black MedicMedicago lupulina     A
Low Hop CloverTrifolium campestre     A
Small Hop CloverTrifolium dubium     A
Alsike CloverTrifolium hybridum     A
Red CloverTrifolium pratense     A
White CloverTrifolium repens     A
Tiny VetchVicia hirsuta     A
Common VetchVicia sativa     A
Hairy VetchVicia villosa     A
          Rose Family                    Rosaceae          
Large Leaved AvensGeum macrophyllum     N
Common SilverweedPotentilla anserina ssp. pacifica     N
          Nettle Family                    Urticaceae          
Stinging NettleUrtica dioica     N
          St. John'S Wort Family                    Hypericaceae          
Bog St. John's WortHypericum anagalloides     N
Shrubby St. John's WortHypericum androsaemum     A
Aaron's BeardHypericum calycinum     A
          Mustard Family                    Brassicaceae          
Marsh Yellow CressRorippa palustris     N
Field MustardBrassica campestris     A
Wormseed MustardErysimum cheiranthoides     A
Field Pepper GrassLepidium campestre     A
WatercressNasturtium officinale     A
          Geranium Family                    Geraniaceae          
Bicknell's GeraniumGeranium bicknellii     N
Common Stork's BillErodium cicutarium     A
Meadow CranesbillGeranium pratense      A
          Evening Primrose Family                    Onagraceae          
FireweedChamaenerion angustifolium     N
Purple Leaved WillowherbEpilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum     N
Watson's WillowherbEpilobium ciliatum ssp. watsonii     N
Hairy WilllowherbEpilobium hirsutum     A
          Buckwheat Family                    Polygonaceae          
Water SmartweedPolygonum amphibium     N
Common KnotweedPolygonum aviculare     A
Common SmartweedPolygonum persicaria     A
Sheep SorrelRumex acetosella     A
Clustered DockRumex conglomeratus     A
Curled DockRumex crispus     A
Bitter DockRumex obtusifolius     A
          Purslane Family                    Montiaceae          
Siberian Miner's LettuceClaytonia sibirica     N
          Primrose Family                    Primulaceae          
Northern Star FlowerTrientalis latifolia ?     N
          Crowberry Family                    Ericaceae          
Pink WintergreenPyrola asarifolia     N
          Bedstraw Family                    Rubiaceae          
CleaversGalium aparine     N
Small BedstrawGalium trffidum     N
Sweet Scented BedstrawGalium triflorum     N
          Gentian Family                    Gentianaceae          
Common CentaurCentaurium erythraea     A
          Borage Family                    Boraginaceae          
Small Flowered Forget Me NotMyosotis laxa     N
ComfreySymphytum officinale     A
          Dodder Family                    Convolvulaceae          
Hedge BindweedCalystegia sepium     A
Field BindweedConvolvulus arvensis     A
Potato FamilySolanaceae
European BittersweetSolanum dulcamara     A
          Mare's Tail Family                    Plantaginaceae          
American BrooklimeVeronica beccabunga     N
Marsh SpeedwellVeronica scutellata     N
Pond Water StarwortCallitriche stagnalis     A
English Plantain / RibwortPlantago lanceolata     A
Common PlantainPlantago major     A
          Figwort Family                    Scrophulariaceae          
Yellow Monkey FlowerErythranthe guttata     N
          Mint Family                    Lamiaceae          
Northern Water HorehoundLycopus uniflorus     N
Self HealPrunella vulgaris     N
Cooley’s Hedge NettleStachys chamissonis     N
Field MintMentha arvensis     A
          Parsley Family                    Apiaceae          
American Wild CarrotDaucus pusillus     N
Pacific Water ParsleyOenanthe sarmentosa     N
Mountain Sweet CicelyOsmorhiza berteroi     N
Pacific SanicleSanicula crassicaulis     N
Poison HemlockConium maculatum     A
Queen Anne's LaceDaucus carota     A
Giant HogweedHeracleum mantegazzianum     A
          Aster Family                    Asteraceae          
Vancouver Island BeggarticksBidens amplissima     N
Nodding BeggarticksBidens cemua     N
HorseweedConyza canadensis     N
Stinking ChamomileAnthemis cotula     A
English DaisyBellis perennis     A
Canada ThistleCirsium arvense     A
Bull ThistleCirsium vulgare     A
Marsh CudweedGnaphalium uliginosum     A
Hairy Cat's EarHypochaeris radicata     A
Prickly LettuceLactuca serriola     A
Autumn HawkbitLeontodon autumnalis     A
Oxeye DaisyLeucanthemum vulgare      A
Chilean TarweedMadia sativa     A
Pineapple WeedMatricaria discoidea     A
Wall LettuceMycelis muralis     A
Prickly Sow ThistleSonchus asper     A
Common DandelionTaraxacum officinale     A
Scentless MayweedTripleurospermum inodorum     A
The End



Golinski, Karen.  1995.  An Environmental Overview of Rithet’s Bog.  Report prepared for the Corporation of the District of Saanich.  Victoria, BC.  70 pp.

This report includes results of plant surveys done at Rithet’s Bog during 1995 May to September, plus comparisons with previous surveys done by other authors.

Pojar, Jim and Andy MacKinnon.  2004.  Revised Plants of Coastal British Columbia including Washington, Oregon and Alaska.  Lone Pine Publishing.  Vancouver, BC.  528 pp.

A field guide that covers 794 species of plants commonly found in coastal British Columbia.  It includes photographs, illustrations and range maps plus notes on ecology and ethnobotany.

Klinkenberg, Brian (Editor).  2020.  E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia.  Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia.  Vancouver, BC.

A website that covers the  plants of British Columbia.  It includes photo galleries and distribution maps with locations of sightings.  It also provides considerable botanical background information.