Fungi, Lichens and Slime Molds
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We usually think of the fungi as plants, but they actually have their own biological kingdom (Kingdom Fungi) on an equal footing with Plants (Kingdom Plantae) and Animals (Kingdom Animalia). Also, from a biological viewpoint the fungi are actually more closely related to Animals than Plants.
Our species list is derived from data published in Karen Golinski’s 1995 Environmental Overview and 1997 Conservation Strategy reports. Both can be viewed in the Resources section under Reports. Golinski’s work provides a solid foundation for this list, but was done 25 years ago, so the list would benefit from updating.
Fungi are a diverse group that includes mushrooms, toadstools, puffballs, bracket fungi, chanterelles, morels, truffles, cup fungi, rusts, molds and yeasts. They include many important decomposers that break down and recycle nutrients within ecosystems.
The Lichens are a symbiotic composite of a fungus with a unicellular, photosynthetic algae. Most of a lichens body is comprised of fungal tissue, with a layer of algal cells embedded in the fungal tissue. The photosynthetic algae means lichens do not need an external food source, although they do need some inorganic nutrients.
|A||Common Name||Scientific Name||Button|
|No Common Name||Family Cronartiaceae|
|Western Gall Rust||Endocronartium harknessii|
|No Common Name||Family Entolomataceae|
|No Common Name||Entoloma sp.|
|No Common Name||Family Russulaceae|
|Orange Milk-Cap||Lactarius luculentus|
|No Common Name||Russula sp.|
|No Common Name||Family Xylariaceae|
|Candlesnuff Fungus||Xylaria hypoxylon|
|No Common Name||Family Uncertain|
|Purplepore Bracket||Trichaptum abietinum|
|No Common Name||Family Parmeliaceae|
|Valley Oakmoss||Evernia prunastri|
|Wish Bone||Hypogymnia inactiva|
|Monk'S Hood||Hypogymnia physodes|
|Abraded Camouflage||Melanelixia subaurifera|
|Granulating Crottle||Parmelia hygrophila|
|Pebbled Crottle||Parmelia saxatilis|
|Tattered Rag||Platismatia herrei|
|Nit Beard||Usnea subfloridana|
|Questionable Rockfrog||Xanthoparmelia cumberlandia|
|Pixie Lichens||Family Cladoniaceae|
|Floral Pixie||Cladonia bellidiflora|
|Lipstick Pixie||Cladonia macilenta|
|Pelt Lichens||Family Peltigeraceae|
|Diamond Pelt||Peltigera membranacea|
|Unknown Pert||Pertusaria sp.|
|Rosette Lichens||Family Physciaceae|
|Unknown Rosette||Physcia sp.|
|Wall Lichens||Family Teloschistaceae|
|Orange Wall Lichen||Xanthoria ramulosa|
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