#  Print these PDFs double sided and flipped on the short edge.


Our bird list is based on the most recent survey of the birds of Rithet’s Bog, compiled by Barry Edmonston.  We appreciate the efforts of Barry Edmonston, Michael Carson and all of their associates who have contributed to our understanding of the bird life at Rithet’s Bog.

The list of birds observed a Rithet’s Bog is quite long, so we have had to make some compromises.  There was only room for common names in our printed checklist, although the online Species List below has both common and scientific names.  The list only includes observations identified to species level.  Some of the publications in the Reference section at the bottom of this page contain additional information about hybrids and incomplete identifications for those who are interested.

A black bird with a red patch on its wing sitting on a branch

Species List

ACommon NameScientific NameButton
          WATERFOWL          Order ANSERIFORMES
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsii
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Trumpeter SwanCygnus buccinator
Wood DuckAix sponsa
Blue-winged TealSpatula discors
Cinnamon TealSpatula cyanoptera
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
GadwallMareca strepera
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelope
American WigeonMareca americana
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
BuffleheadBucephala albeola
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatus
Common MerganserMergus merganser
          LANDFOWL          Order GALLIFORMES
California QuailCallipepla californica
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicus
          GREBES          Order PODICIPEDIFORMES
Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
          PIGEONS and DOVES          Order COLUMBIFORMES
Rock PigeonColumba livia
Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciata
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura
Common NighthawkChordeiles minor
          SWIFTS and HUMMINGBIRDS          Order APODIFORMES
Vaux's SwiftChaetura vauxi
Anna's HummingbirdCalypte anna
Rufous HummingbirdSelasphorus rufus
          RAILS and CRANES          Order GRUIFORMES
Virginia RailRallus limicola
SoraPorzana carolina
American CootFulica americana
Sandhill CraneAntigone canadensis
American AvocetRecurvirostra americana
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdii
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Western SandpiperCalidris mauri
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
Short-billed GullLarus brachyrhynchus
California GullLarus californicus
Iceland GullLarus glaucoides
Glaucous-winged GullLarus glaucescens
          LOONS          order GAVIIFORMES
Common LoonGavia immer
          CORMORANTS          Order SULIFORMES
Double-crested CormorantNannopterum auritum
          HERONS and PELICANS          Order PELECANIFORMES
Great Blue HeronArdea herodias
Green HeronButorides virescens
          VULTURES          Order CATHARTIFORMES
Turkey VultureCathartes aura
          HAWKS and EAGLES          Order ACCIPITRIFORMES
OspreyPandion haliaetus
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Northern HarrierCircus hudsonius
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperii
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalus
Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoni
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis
          OWLS          Order STRIGIFORMES
Western Screech-OwlMegascops kennicottii
Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus
Barred OwlStrix varia
          KINGFISHERS          Order CORACIIFORMES
Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon
          WOODPECKERS          Order PICIFORMES
Red-breasted SapsuckerSphyrapicus ruber
Downy WoodpeckerDryobates pubescens
Hairy WoodpeckerDryobates villosus
Northern FlickerColaptes auratus
Pileated WoodpeckerDryocopus pileatus
          FALCONS          Order FALCONIFORMES
American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbarius
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus
Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperi
Western Wood-PeweeContopus sordidulus
Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax traillii
Hammond's FlycatcherEmpidonax hammondii
Pacific-slope FlycatcherEmpidonax difficilis
Hutton's VireoVireo huttoni
Cassin's VireoVireo cassinii
Warbling VireoVireo gilvus
Northern ShrikeLanius borealis
Steller's JayCyanocitta stelleri
American CrowCorvus brachyrhynchos
Common RavenCorvus corax
Chestnut-backed ChickadeePoecile rufescens
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolor
Violet-green SwallowTachycineta thalassina
Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis
Purple MartinProgne subis
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota
BushtitPsaltriparus minimus
Ruby-crowned KingletCorthylio calendula
Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapa
Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum
Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensis
Brown CreeperCerthia americana
Bewick's WrenThryomanes bewickii
House WrenTroglodytes aedon
Pacific WrenTroglodytes pacificus
Marsh WrenCistothorus palustris
Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensis
European StarlingSturnus vulgaris
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus
Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatus
American RobinTurdus migratorius
Varied ThrushIxoreus naevius
House SparrowPasser domesticus
American PipitAnthus rubescens
Evening GrosbeakCoccothraustes vespertinus
House FinchHaemorhous mexicanus
Purple FinchHaemorhous purpureus
Common RedpollAcanthis flammea
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
White-winged CrossbillLoxia leucoptera
Pine SiskinSpinus pinus
American GoldfinchSpinus tristis
Chipping SparrowSpizella passerina
Fox SparrowPasserella iliaca
American Tree SparrowSpizelloides arborea
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalis
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrys
Golden-crowned SparrowZonotrichia atricapilla
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollis
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensis
Song SparrowMelospiza melodia
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolnii
Swamp SparrowMelospiza georgiana
Spotted TowheePipilo maculatus
Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virens
Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalus
BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorus
Western MeadowlarkSturnella neglecta
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus ater
Brewer's BlackbirdEuphagus cyanocephalus
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
Orange-crowned WarblerLeiothlypis celata
MacGillivray's WarblerGeothlypis tolmiei
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata
Black-throated Gray WarblerSetophaga nigrescens
Townsend's WarblerSetophaga townsendi
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusilla
Western TanagerPiranga ludoviciana
Black-headed GrosbeakPheucticus melanocephalus



This list and Edmonston (2022) follows the American Ornithological Society’s current Checklist of North and Middle American Birds.  Some taxonomic revisions have occurred since Carson (1994) and Carson (2011) were compiled.

Rock Pigeon (Columba livia) was previously called Rock Dove

Short-billed Gull (Larus brachyrhynchus).  The global Mew Gull population has been split into two species, a western North American species, the Short-billed Gull (Larus brachyrhynchus) and a Eurasian species, the Common Gull (Larus canus).

Iceland Gull (Larus glaucoides).  The local population of the Iclelandic Gull was previously considered a sub species, Thayer’s Gull (Larus glaucoides thayeri).

Cassin’s Vireo (Vireo cassinii) was previously called Solitary Vireo

American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos).  The local population of the American Crow was previously considered a sub species, the Northwestern Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos caurinus).

Eastern Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus) was previously called Rufous-sided Towhee.

Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula) was previously called Northern Oriole.


Carson, Michael J.  1994.  Birding Observations Around Rithet’s Bog, Saanich, British Columbia.  Victoria Natural History Society.  Victoria, BC.  37 pp.

A detailed birding survey from 1993-1994 with some additional observations from 1979 to 1992.

Carson, Michael J.  2011.  Rithet’s Bog Birding Surveys: Species Observed.  Rithet’s Bog Conservation Society.  Victoria, BC.  5 pp.

A checklist of the birds observed at Rithet’s Bog during 2010, with comparisons to  previous years:  2004, 1993-1994 and pre-1993.

Edmonston, Barry.  2022.  Checklist of the Birds of Rithet’s Bog.  Rithet’s Bog Conservation Society.  Victoria, BC.  8 pp.

A compilation of bird observations for Rithet’s Bog upto October 2022 from the Cornell Lab of Ornithology’s eBird website.

Rithet’s Bog Conservation Society.  2022.  A Time Series Comparison of the Birds of Rithet’s Bog.  Rithet’s Bog Conservation Society.  Victoria, BC.  7 pp.

A table that provides time series comparison of results of bird surveys from 1993, 2010 and 2022.